6th Annual Inter-Generational Model United Nations October 15, 2016
An invitation to join an Inter-Generational UN simulation experience -- October 15th from 9:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. at University of California Berkeley
- IGMUN is a program of the Northern California Division of United Nations Association USA.
- IGMUN is one of the few inter-generational Model United Nations in the U.S, offering a diversity of delegates and perspectives.
- As a noncompetitive simulation of the United Nations, IGMUN is an excellent opportunity for both novices and experienced delegates to
practice their debate and negotiation skills. What distinguishes this MUN from more traditional ones is that it is truly inter-generational (one of only a few in the U.S.) and non-competitive and you don't have to be an "expert" on the topics you will be discussing as a delegate. Visit www.igmun.org to register and find out detailed information. The sooner you register, the better your chance of being assigned the country of your choice.
- Registration $35 until Sept. 30th
- Walk in price after September 30th: $40
- Price includes: breakfast, lunch, and conference materials
- Register for the conference at http://www.igmun.org/registration/
8:15 am- 9:15 am | Registration and Light Breakfast
9:00 am- 9:45 am | Opening Ceremony
10:00 am-12:30 pm | 1st Committee Session
12:30 pm-1:30 pm | Lunch Pick Up (Staggered)
1:30 pm- 4:45 pm | 2nd Committee Session
5:00 pm- 5:40 pm | Closing Ceremony
5:40 pm- 6:30 pm | Backpack Initiative
6:30 pm- 8:00 pm | Evening UNA/AKA Reception
IGMUN VI Theme: UN Global Goals
The world has just made its biggest ever promise to itself. Our leaders have agreed to 17 Global Goals that would mean a better life for all of us. A plan that 193 governments have agreed, a plan that the world wants and needs. A plan backed by leading business and organizations. They would virtually end extreme poverty, fight inequality and injustice, and tackle climate change in the next 15 years.They are the biggest attempt in the history of the human race to make the world a better place. A to-do list for the planet that will only be achieved if everyone plays their part.
This year IGMUN has launched a 15-year campaign to use the global goals as the theme for our conference.The following global goals will be highlighted for IGMUN VI.
Sustainable Food Systems
Global Goals #2: Zero Hunger (FAO)
Target – By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality.
When you’re hungry, it’s hard to think about much else. You can’t concentrate at school or at work, especially if you don’t know where your next meal will come from. That’s the daily reality for 795 million people – or 1 in 9 of us – even though there’s enough food in the world for everyone. But this goal isn’t just about having enough food, it’s also about getting the nutrients we need to stay healthy. Almost half of all children who die before their 5th birthday are malnourished. It might surprise you to know that most of the world’s malnourished people are also producers of food – so investing in sustainable agriculture and supporting women farmers especially will help us reach this goal. We can do this – hunger is on the way down with 216 million less hungry people than in 1990. But this is an issue that needs tackling from lots of directions.
Governance for Mental Health
Global Goals #3: Good Health and Well-being (WHO)
Target – By 2030, reduce by one-third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being.
It’s the one thing we all take for granted until we feel unwell: our health. The world has made incredible advances in medicine, but far too many people don’t have access to even basic healthcare. Preventable diseases like malaria, TB, and HIV-AIDS still claim millions of lives every year, and the recent Ebola outbreak in West Africa shows how weak many countries’ health systems are. The good news is that investment in health makes a huge difference, and life-changing progress is already happening. We’ve cut child deaths in half, HIV infections are down by more than 40%, and more than 6 million malaria deaths have been prevented.
Education in Times of Crisis
Global Goals #4: Quality Education (UNICEF)
Target – Build and upgrade education facilities that are child, disability, and gender sensitive and provide safe, nonviolent, inclusive and effective learning environments for all.
Children have a right to an education in an environment which is safe and inclusive. In times of emergencies or conflicted situations, children are deprived of the right to basic education.Lack of resources may restrict children in the midst of conflict from exercising the same needs as children from stable countries. To counteract this issue, UNICEF has established a quick method to preserve learning and safeguard education systems. During post-conflict situations and emergencies, temporary learning spaces are set up to give children the chance to resume quality learning activities. After a period of time, the learning spaces will expand with the integration of teachers and learning materials to sustain a primary educational environment for the children. Community services such as a safe water supply and sanitation will also be constructed around the schools. These facilities are built to be inclusive in order for it to be an effective learning environment for all students. The schools are set to be non-violent and non-discriminatory by teaching students through a curriculum fit for children from all backgrounds. Representing UNICEF, delegates will further discuss strategies to ensure quality education for children in times of crisis.
Global Goals #5: Gender Equality (UN-WOMEN)
Target – Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws.
Gender equality has come a long way in the past few decades around the world. This is embodied through accomplishments and movements such as women’s suffrage, the evolution of women’s roles in a family, and their participation in the workforce. However, gender inequality still exists and is still affects women’s daily life in all parts of the world. Specifically, inheritance laws and property rights is a fight women around the world are still fighting for. In countries such as India, widows inherit nothing from their husbands, rendering them homeless, and daughters inherit significantly less than sons. Although India has implemented laws such as the 2005 amendment that ensures daughters enjoyed equal rights to inherit their parent’s land and property, the results show that it had little impact and is not being acknowledged. UN agencies such as FAO, the UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) and UNDP are working with non-governmental organizations to raise awareness among women of their rights and to support efforts to entrench equality of access in national laws. Representing UNWOMEN, delegates will discuss the importance of gender equality and redefine inheritance laws to protect the rights of all women.
Water and Urbanizations: Slums
Global Goals #6: Clean Water and Sanitation (UN-WATER)
Target – Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management.
Access to clean and safe drinking water and sanitation is a problem the urban population faces. The urban poor suffer the most as they often live in slums or informal settlements following rapid urban growth, lacking many basic services such safe drinking water, adequate sanitation and durable housing. About 884 million people in the world do not have access to safe drinking water and 2.6 billion people lack access to basic sanitation, which is 40% of the world’s population. As a result, outbreaks of diseases such as malaria and cholera are spreading. The approach to clean water is to improve the access to water supply systems and sanitation facilities in the slums. The water source in the community has to be within 1,000 meters of the houses and collection time should not exceed 30 minutes. Additionally, The costs for water and sanitation services should not exceed 5% of a household’s income, meaning services must not affect people’s’ capacity to acquire other essential goods and services, including food, housing, health services and education. Everyone in the community has a right to safe drinking water and sanitation services. Representing UN-WATER, delegates will discuss both short term and long term solutions to provide clean water and sanitation for everyone, especially those living in vulnerable areas.
Global Goals #7: Affordable and Clean Energy (IEA)
Target – By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology.
Several UN organizations have launched a number of activities to scale up the efforts to increase access to energy because of many correlations between poverty reduction, energy, and sustainable development. The United Nations General Assembly in 2012 unanimously approved a resolution declaring the decade 2014-2024 as the Decade of Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL). This declaration stresses the importance of long-term energy sustainability and the need to find a coherent and integrated approach to energy issues and sustainable development. The SE4ALL initiative forms a platform for increasing engagements with the private sector, civil society, and governments to reduce poverty, address the challenges of climate change, increasing the use of renewable energy resources, providing modern energy access to all, and improving energy efficiency. However, to significantly increase contributions to the world’s energy systems and to guarantee modern energy services to everyone, ample cooperation between a diverse array of stakeholders, concrete project actions, improved supportive institutional frameworks, and substantially increased flow in finance towards clean energy investments are all actions that are needed. Representing the IAEA, delegates will come together to discuss and implement strategies that help provide equal access to energy for all.
Migrant Worker Protection
Global Goals #8: Decent Work and Economic Growth (ILO)
Target – Protect labor rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular, women migrants, and those in precarious employment.
Wherever you live in the world, being able to find secure and fairly paid work is a big priority for most people. It’s a crucial step away from poverty for families, and helps governments pay for public services like health and education through the taxes generated as a result. But millions of people are either unemployed, or forced to take jobs that are insecure, with very low pay or bad working conditions. This goal is about creating decent jobs for everyone, as well as annual economic growth of at least 7% in the very poorest countries – all while improving fair pay, environmental protection, and opportunities for women, youth and people with disabilities, and cracking down on forced and child labor. Now that would be a job well done.
Evaluating Existing Programs
Global Goals #9: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure (World Bank)
Target – Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States.
Infrastructure is all about easy movement and connectivity. It’s the roads, rails, and airports we need to trade goods, and supply food to shops and medicines to clinics. It’s the water, electricity, and internet that’s crucial to our daily lives. When it works, you barely notice it’s there – when it doesn’t, life gets a lot tougher. Hitting this goal would help developing countries end extreme poverty by boosting trade, from small farmers who could get produce to markets and information on best prices, to African companies who could start trading within the continent as well as overseas. Investing in technology and innovation would unlock the unlimited knowledge and connective potential of the internet for everyone, and create more jobs in this sector for developing countries.
LGBTQ: Equal Opportunities
Global Goals #10: Reducing Inequality (UNHRC)
Target – Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies, and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies, and action in this regard.
The LGBTQ community faces a pattern of systematic violence and discrimination in all regions because of their sexual orientation and gender identity. They are subjected to discrimination in employment, health care, and education, to criminalization and targeted physical attacks and even murder. The protection of people on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity requires the enforcement of human rights laws, and the prohibition of discriminatory legislations. The UNHRC has developed a 5 step plan to help protect the people from homophobic violence, prevent inhumane acts, repeal unjust laws, prohibit discrimination, and safeguard human rights. Over 42 states have created asylums to provide safe refuge for LGBTQ individuals in order for them to escape targeted violence and mistreatment. All discriminatory laws will also be revoked. States must guarantee the rights to freedom of expression, association, and peaceful assembly to everyone, regardless of sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, and must ensure that any restrictions on these rights are not discriminatory. Representing the UNHRC, delegates will discuss strategies to restore rights and reduce inequalities to the LGBTQ community.
Global Goals #11: Sustainable Cities and Communities (UN-HABITAT)
Target – By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons.
Sustainable Transportation is a key development issue and important to achieve safe, resilient, and sustainable cities. Active transportation can potentially contribute to reducing the number of injuries from road traffic collisions and global deaths by half. Sixty-five percent of the 1.2 million deaths that occur each year worldwide due to road accidents involve pedestrians; 35 percent of those deaths are children. Providing safe spaces for pedestrians will significantly reduce this number. In addition to the benefits to health and safety, a sustainable means of transportation also decides how efficient it is to access the other key services of cities, such as employment and education. Cities will need solid implementation plans and support in order to achieve the global goal targets. Innovative solutions are needed to help create people-centred cities where citizens are involved in influencing how they live and interact with their community. Representing UN-HABITAT, delegates will discuss integrative solutions to promoting the development of safe, accessible, and sustainable transportation.
Global Goals #13: Climate Action (UNEP)
Target – Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities.
Climate change is a global problem affecting all nations around the world. Natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, droughts, and hurricanes are forcing people to migrate from their homes in search of safety. In 2013, an estimate of 51.2 million people worldwide migrated due to climate change induced conflicts. The most vulnerable groups of society – including the poor, marginalized minorities, female- and child-headed households, chronically ill persons, persons with disabilities and older people without family support – suffer the most from the negative effects. They are at risk for human rights abuses, such as unequal access to humanitarian assistance; discrimination in aid provision; sexual and gender-based violence, particularly in collective shelters or camps; infringements of the right to education such as when schools are used as shelters for a prolonged period of time; non-replacement of lost documentation; or difficulties with restitution of or compensation for lost property. The United Nations has taken action by implementing policies to help protect climate refugees by providing healthcare, sanitation, clean water, and refugee camps along with the recovery of property and land. Representing the UNEP, delegates will discuss how to protect climate refugees amidst the global crisis of climate change.
Global Goals #14: Life Below Water (IMO)
Target – By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution.
Plastic has become an essential material in everyday life ever since the 1950s when it was first produced. Because plastic is cheap and reliable, it is heavily favored for use in mass production. However, the benefits of plastics often cause us to overlook the costs and harmful effects it has on the environment. An immeasurable amount of plastic is rapidly collecting in bodies of water all over the world due to many factors such as littering, poorly managed landfills, and tourist activities and fisheries. While some solutions had been proposed to combat plastic contamination such as the use of biodegradable plastics, studies have proven the flaws of these approaches. According to UNEP, “oxo-degradable plastics can pose a threat to marine ecosystems even after fragmentation… it should be assumed that microplastics created in the fragmentation process remain in the ocean.” Despite many environmental organizations teaming up to resolve plastic contamination, there is currently no universally accepted solution. Representing the IMO, delegates will discuss long-term solutions to clean up the plastic pollution in our ocean and protect life under water.
Peace and Security
Global Goals #16: Peace and Justice (SC)
Target – Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance.
No matter how many other goals we achieve, without peace and justice, everything else can so easily come crashing down. Injustice, corruption, and a lack of access to information or a way to hold leaders to account will undermine development everywhere. Conflict tears families living normal lives from their homes, and turns them into refugees fighting for survival overnight. That’s why this goal is crucial in the fight against extreme poverty. Citizens should be able to have a say in how their country is run. They should be able to get data that shows what governments and companies are doing, and hold them to account for their actions. It sounds simple, but we also need to make sure every person is counted, so there are enough basic services like schools and hospitals for people to thrive.